Are you visiting Berlin and want to have a one day trip to the pastoral and scenic views of Potsdam, where the Prussian royal dynasty has set its summer retreat? Curious as to how the area looked like before the massive destruction of World War II? Potsdam is the capital of the federal state of Brandenburg and it is just 30 kilometers from the heart of Berlin, which makes it ideal for a day trip. During this tour we will see the main palaces built by the Hohenzollerns along 300 years, will hear the stories about the rise of Prussia and the reign of three 18th century kings, and how their style of politics reflects in their style of construction. After the end on Monarchy in 1918, Potsdam kept of being a hotspot for local and international politics, especially through the cold war. We will see the location of the 1945 Potsdam Conference where the division of Germany was set, as well as the former border between Potsdam and West Berlin, also known as the Bridge of Spies.
We will take the suburban train from Berlin to Potsdam. We will start with the old market square and the St. Nicholas Cathedral, the renewed city palace and the old stables. Another short tram ride will take us to the bridge of spies, from which we will walk through the New Gardens to the Cecilienhof palace (early 20th century), the whereabouts of the Potsdam Conference. We will see the Marble Palace, the Orangerie and the Gothic Library (late 18th century). We will walk to the scenic Dutch Quarters where we will have lunch break. We will on in the direction of the Sanssouci Gardens - the crown jewel of Potsdam, designed in the mid-18th century by Frederick II, also known as Frederick the Great, who is considered to be the first enlightened monarch of Prussia and some of his ideas shape life in Europe until today. We will end next to the New Palace, Friedrich II's last creation, and the residence of the last emperor, William II.